Who was Socrates ?
Socratic method - "Elenchus"
Appearance of Socrates
The end of Socrates . . .
In 399 B.C., Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and of unorthodoxy. He challenged anyone’s thinking through his endless and circular Socratic dialogues, and he publicly questioned the gods Athenians worshiped at that time.
Before Socrates’ execution, friends offered to bribe the guards and rescue him so that he could flee into exile. He declined, stating he wasn’t afraid of death and felt he would be no better off if in exile and said he was still a loyal citizen of Athens, willing to abide by its laws, even the ones that condemned him to death. Possibly the rebellious tone of his defence contributed to the verdict and he made things worse during the deliberation over his punishment.
The jury sentenced him to death by drinking a mixture of poison hemlock.
Socrates drank the hemlock mixture without hesitation. Numbness slowly crept into his body until it reached his heart. Shortly before his final breath, Socrates described his death as a release of the soul from the body.
Righteousness of Socrates
Socrates believed that people should strive for goodness rather than material interests such as wealth. He encouraged others to focus more on companionship and making connections with other people because he felt this was the ideal path for individuals to come together as a group.
Socrates focused on ethics and morality in many of his teachings. These ideals spoke to the essential characteristics that an individual should possess, chief of which were philosophical or scholarly excellence. He stated that “the unexamined life does not merit living [and] moral abstinence is the main thing that matters.”